I particularly like his point that “all men and women … are inestimably precious children of the Creator”. It is something I’ve been pondering for ages so I thought I’d explore the idea in four posts (drawing a lot from Spencer Boersma’s article):
- Why Everyone is a Child of God
- Implications of Everyone Being a Child of God
- What if We Disown Our Father in Heaven?
- Doesn’t the NT also talk about becoming children of God??
I’ll start by looking at where I think the Bible implies everyone is a child of God.
The “image of God” means the child of God
The first place we find God described as a parent is:
Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness … So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them.
Genesis 1:26-27, NIV
Interestingly, image and likeness are also used to describe the relationship between Adam and his son:
When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth.
Genesis 5:3, NIV
Boersma explains that it’s “an ancient way of saying “These are my children”” and we still have a sense of that in the common, “Wow, your baby looks just like you”, compliment. We also find this connection in the NT:
The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.
Colossians 1:15, NIV
His Son is the radiance of his glory, the very image of his substance
Hebrews 1:3, WEB
With the tongue we praise our Lord and Father, and with it we curse human beings, who have been made in God’s likeness. Out of the same mouth come praise and cursing. My brothers and sisters, this should not be.
James 3:9-10, NIV
Everyone is a child of Adam and thus a child of God
Another place we find God described as a parent is at the end of the genealogy in Luke:
the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.
Luke 3:38, WEB
As all humanity comes from Adam, we all inherit his curses (Rom 5:12-21) and blessings―including being a child of God.
God is the Father of everything
I think it’s worth considering Ephesians 4:6:
One God and Father of pás, who is over pás, and through pás, and in pás.
The question is, what is the scope of the Greek pás here? pás is usually translated “all” but when the context is people, it’s appropriate to translate it “everyone” or “all people”; or when the context is creation, it can be “all things”, “everything”, or “everywhere”.
Given verses 4-8 have many people related words―God, Father, body, Spirit, hope, Lord, faith, baptism, “each one of us”, prisoners, and people―it’s possible that pás could be translated “all-people/everyone”, and indeed some translations translate it that way (e.g. CEV, GNT, and ERV).
However, given almost every English translation translates pás as “all-things/everything” in verse 10, it seems most likely that is the scope of verse 6 too (e.g. EXB, ICB, NIRV, NCV, and GW). I think linking parenthood and creator isn’t unique to Ephesians. For example, God’s challenge to Job:
Does the rain have a father? Who fathers the drops of dew? From whose womb comes the ice? Who gives birth to the frost from the heavens
Job 38:28-9, NIV
And in other OT passages the concepts appear overlapping:
Is this the way you repay the Lord, you foolish and unwise people?
Is he not your Father, your Creator, who made you and formed you?
Deuteronomy 32:6, NIV
Do we not all have one father? Has not one God created us? Why do we deal treacherously each against his brother so as to profane the covenant of our fathers?
Malachi 2:10, NASB
God is the head of all families
While parental headship isn’t as significant in our culture, hopefully, we can still see how this supports God’s universal parenthood:
For this reason I kneel before the Father, from whom every family in heaven and on earth derives its name.
Ephesians 3:14-15, NIV
Even non-believers are God’s children
In part 4 I will look at the question of why the NT seems to talk about people becoming children of God when they believe but for now, I’ll just point out that Paul associates God being Creator, with God being a parent of even non-believers (his audience):
and he [God] gives us the power to live, to move, and to be who we are. “We are his children,” just as some of your poets have said. Since we are God’s children…
Acts 17:28-29, CEV
I find it encouraging that Christians across the spectrum, including conservative evangelicals, are acknowledging this life-changing (for reasons I’ll explore in my next post) teaching.
In recent years a number of scholars have taken the view that “the image and likeness of God” is the language of family relationship. For example, Graeme Goldsworthy argues that “image and likeness are terms of sonship.” John Dickson writes that “the image of God means that men and women stand in a filial relationship to God; they are his offspring, as it were. They bear the family resemblance.” And Greg Beale holds that “Adam was conceived of as a ‘son of God,’” appealing to Genesis 5:1-3.
… “In the garden, Adam is portrayed by Calvin as the loving son, surrounded with signs of the ‘paternal goodness’ (Institutes I. 14.2) of God. … Adam has no fear at the sight of God, whom he is able to identify as Father.”
Brian Rosner, Image of God as Son of God